Four main types of filters are used to remove substances such as dust or dirt, or electronic signals, etc. These filters include the low-pass filter, high-pass filter, band-pass filter, and notch filter (or band-stop or band-stop filter). They are available to filter air or gases, fluids, as well as electrical and optical phenomena. Air filters are used to clean the air.
Electronic filters clean electrical signals from unwanted frequencies in the audio and intermediate ranges, while RF and microwave filters serve the same function but in the radio and microwave frequency range. EMI and RFI filters minimize or eliminate electromagnetic interference. Fluid filters remove debris from fuel, while hydraulic filters remove contaminants from hydraulic fluids. Water filters clean water, not only for drinking and swimming, but also in water treatment plants.
Optical filters allow wavelengths of light to pass through and filter. Air filters are systems or components that remove particles from the air as it passes through the filter elements and can be complete systems or replacement elements on their own. Key specifications include intended application, physical size, filter type, filter media and air flow. Air filters are used in systems that require particulate-free air. They are also used to clean the air before exhausting it.
An air cleaner system generally consists of a filter element and the housing containing the element. Electronic filters are mainly used to process electronic signals by eliminating unwanted frequency components or improving others. They generally operate at frequencies below RF (radio frequency). Typical operating frequency ranges are AF (audio frequency) or IF (intermediate frequency), both of which are power frequencies. There are many types and functions for electronic filters, including passive or active, analog or digital, and low-pass and high-pass.
Electronic filters are also used to minimize or eliminate electrical noise. Fluid filters are devices or systems that remove unwanted substances from fluids as they pass through filter elements. They can include complete systems or only the replacement elements. Key specifications include intended application, filter type, filter media, filtrate and filtrate, particle size and flow rate. Fluid filters are primarily used in any system that requires the fluid to be free of particles or debris, either to protect equipment or to clean the fluid before it is discharged to the environment. A fluid filter system generally consists of a filter element and a housing designed for specific applications such as engine oil filters, cooling system filters, and metallurgical fluid filters.
The filter media can be made of a variety of materials including cloth, foam, carbon, sintered metals i.e.Fuel filters are devices that remove unwanted materials from a fuel system as fuel passes through it and may include an entire system or the replacement element. Key specifications include intended application, filtration, particle size and flow rate, as well as physical dimensions. Fuel filters are primarily used to filter debris or unwanted substances from fuel to protect equipment and allow fuel to burn more efficiently. Filters are usually designed for a specific application such as a diesel or aircraft engine, or for filling tanks etc. Hydraulic filters are devices or systems that remove contaminants from hydraulic fluids and may include complete systems or only replacement elements.
Key specifications include filter type, filter material, and physical dimensions. Hydraulic filters are primarily used to filter unwanted debris or contaminants from fluids for use in hydraulic cylinders or with other systems that utilize hydraulic fluids. Depending on the application, filters may require different materials or types. Optical filters are devices placed in the paths of light sources to allow only specific wavelengths to pass or transmit. Key specifications include intended application, material, wavelength characteristics, and physical dimensions. Optical filters are mainly used in photographic applications but they can also be used in other scientific or technical work. Many types of optical filters can be found including UV infrared or bandpass among several others each with a specific function allowing a specific wavelength or range of wavelengths to be transmitted.
Some are specific to photography and may not be applicable in technical work. RF and microwave filters are electrical devices that block or pass specific frequencies. Key specifications include intended application filter type and frequency characteristics. RF and microwave filters are mainly used to process electronic signals by eliminating unwanted frequency components or improving others. They generally operate in radio frequency ranges (megahertz and gigahertz) and microwave frequencies. There are several types of filters available including low-pass high-pass bandpass and reject pass each with a specific wavelength or range of wavelengths that are blocked or transmitted. Water filters are devices or systems that remove contaminants from water and may include complete systems or only replacement elements.
Key specifications include intended application flow rate particle size and physical dimensions. Water filters are primarily used in any system that requires water to be filtered or cleaned to remove debris and particles. Many applications use water filters including water parks refrigerators aquariums wastewater facilities etc. Filters are available in various sizes and types depending on the application Flow rate and pressure drop are important considerations when selecting fluid filters since any filter element in a flow stream will lower the pressure of an incoming stream. In general the more restrictive the filter the lower the flow rate and pressure Air filters are used by HVAC systems spray booths compressors motors electronic cabinets cleanrooms etc wherever incoming air needs to be cleaned of particles dust odors microbes etc They are used on the discharge side of many industrial processes where process air must be cleaned before returning it to the environment Air filters are used in compressed air systems often as part of assemblies called.